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加拿大卫生信息化建设经验及启示

发布日期:2016-03-25
作者:
郭珉江① 代涛* 万艳丽① 黄薇①
Author:
GUO Min-jiang, DAI Tao, WAN Yan-li, et
al
单位:
关键词:
加拿大 卫生信息化 经验 启示
Keywords:
Canada, health informatization, experience, revelation
分类号:TP399
出版年,卷(期):页码:2015,10(7):15-19
摘要:
卫生信息化发展对支撑卫生事业改革发展具有重要作用。综述了加拿大卫生信息化建设的主要进展,从运营体制、法律法规、标准规范、资金投入、人才培养、卫生信息系统建设等方面介绍了加拿大国家卫生信息化发展模式,分析了加拿大开展卫生信息化建设面临的主要问题,包括信息系统间互联互通及初级医疗保健信息化程度较低、全民可互操作的电子健康档案建设进展缓慢等。在借鉴加拿大实践经验的基础上,提出以下几点启示:专业化公司的管理模式有利于提升工作成效;组建标准协作组织有利于标准管理和推广应用;推行产品认证政策,提升系统开发水平;建立隐私保护机制,确保健康信息安全交换与共享;设立第三方监管机构,客观评价建设成效。
Abstract:
Health informatization development plays an important role to support health care reform. The paper summarized the main progress of Canadian health informatization in Canada and introduced the informatization development model of Canada's national health from the operating system, laws and regulations, standards, capital investment, talents cultivation, health information system construction, etc. It also analyzed the main problems that Canada faced in the health informatization construction, including the low interconnectivity between information systems, low informatization degree of primary health care, slow progress in the interoperable EHR construction, etc. On the basis of Canadian practical experience, the paper put forward the following enlightenments: Professional company management model is helpful to improve work efficiency; Forming a standard collaboration is good to standard management and application; Carry out product certification policies and enhance the level of system development; Privacy protection mechanism is the guarantee to the safety of health information exchange and sharing; Set up the third party supervision institutions and evaluate the results of construction objectively.
基金项目:
国家自然科学基金项目(编号:71273280);国际复兴开发银行资助课题(编号:P125493)
参考文献:
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